Variable Stars in the Globular Cluster NGC 6752
Kaluzny, J.; Thompson, I. B.
We report time-series photometry for 16 variable stars located in the central part of the globular cluster NGC 6752. The sample includes 13 newly identified objects. The precision of our differential photometry ranges from 1 mmag at V=14.0 mag to 10 mmag at V=18.0 mag. We detected four low amplitude variables located on the extended horizontal branch (EHB) of the cluster. They are candidate binary stars harboring sdB subdwarfs. A candidate degenerate binary was detected about 2 mag below the faint end of the EHB. The star is blue and its light curve is modulated with a period of 0.47 d. We argue that some of the identified variable red/blue stragglers are ellipsoidal binaries harboring degenerate stars. They have low amplitude sine-like light curves and periods from a few hours to a few days. Spectroscopic observations of such objects may lead to the detection of detached inactive binaries harboring stellar mass black holes or neutron stars. No binaries of this kind are known so far in globular clusters although their existence is expected based on the common occurrence of accreting LMXBs and millisecond pulsars. An eclipsing SB1 type binary was identified on the upper main sequence of the cluster. We detected variability of optical counterparts to two X-ray sources located in the core region of NGC 6752. The already known cataclysmic variable B1=CX4 experienced a dwarf nova type outburst. The light curve of an optical counterpart to the X-ray source CX19 exhibited modulation with a period of 0.113 d. The same periodicity was detected in the HST-ACS data. The variable is located on the upper main sequence of the cluster. It is an excellent candidate for a close degenerate binary observed in quiescence.
|The paper (PDF)||
"Variable Stars in the Globular Cluster NGC 6752"
Kaluzny J. & Thompson I.B., 2009, Acta Astron., 59, 273
V-band image (FITS)
Photometric data for 27619 stars
|Description of the table columns||readme.txt|
|Star||Xa||Ya||Period [days]||Vmax||Δ V||B-V||PMb||Typec||V light-curved||B light-curved||Remarks|
|a Pixel coordinate in the template image|
|b Proper motion membership status — Y - member, N - field star, U - uncertain|
c Variable type
EW - contact binary; EB - close ecppsing binary; EA - detached ecppsing binary;
EHB - Extreme horizontal branch variable; SX Phe - SX-Phenicis type pulsator; CV - cataclismic variable.
d Data columns: